Miscellaneous Brooch Fragments

The below, found subsequent to the compilation of the report by Mr Mackreth, are reported separately until such time as they can be merged with the preceding corpus.


A Colchester derivative pin of length 35mm with three coils surviving.


A pin and spring from a Colchester type brooch. Four coils remain with the chord and the pin. The pin is 45mm long and the chord is 21mm in width.


The lower part of the bow and the catch-plate of a brooch. The fragment measures 30mm and is of flat section. The plain, unperforated catch-plate extends 23mm up the length of the bar. The shape of the fragment suggests that it could possibly be the end of a La Tène III type brooch.



The bow and part of the catch-plate of a small brooch. The fragment measures 34mm, has a round section and is too corroded to allow classification. There is a sharp bend at the top and the probability of a perforated catch-plate.


The pin of a penannular brooch. It is of round section, 25mm long and is flattened out to form a loop.


A hinged brooch pin of length 41mm. There are traces of iron oxide in the axis bar hole which would indicate that the axis bar upon which the pin was mounted was made of iron. The pin is of round section and is flattened at the top for slotting into a head-slot.


The head and upper part of the bow of a typical trumpet type brooch. The fragment is plain and the head carries the remains of an integrally moulded chain-loop. A separate spring of four coils with an internal chord is held in place by an iron axis bar fixed between two lugs. 50-200AD


The head of a small Colchester one-piece type brooch of thin flattened D section with correspondingly narrow wings and two remaining coils. Hull's type 90.

The bottom part of a T-shaped brooch which looks virtually identical to that in Hattat's BOA 920 which is classified as a T-shaped brooch in Hull's Corpus. The fragment here consists of a short stub of slightly curved bow, stepping back to a flat leg which widens towards the bottom. The piece of bow is decorated with two grooves tapering to a lateral rib above the leg. This decoration is the tip of a shield shaped moulding as seen on Hattat's 920. The leg is decorated with three dot and circle impressions and terminates with a lateral rib. The deep, unperforated catch-plate extends 12mm up the leg. BOA says it is likely to be a bow and fantail / T-shape hybrid, both current 50 - 150AD. Hattat's BOA 920 was found on the Dorset/Wilts border. Hull lists five similar, one each found in Cambridgeshire, Leicestershire, Northants, Oxon and Herts. It is thought that they all had the same source. Of those illustrated in Hull's Corpus, two have this form of bow decoration, three have a flat bow with a knurled median rib, four have the ring and dot decoration and one is plain. All have the same catch-plate. A parallel is known from Stantonbury (Marney & Mackreth in Mynard, 1987, 131-132, fig. 41.14) and is almost exact, even to the point at which the bow is broken.. Hull's type 137. 50-150AD


A Colchester two-piece brooch of length 52mm. A seven coil, square section spring is held in place behind plain wings by a copper alloy axis bar. There is a stump of square section pin remaining and the crest at the head is particularly humped. The bow is of D section, the upper part having a central triangular groove with a series of triangular impressions running either side of it. The deep catch-plate, which extends 22mm up the length of the bow, is perforated with a rounded triangle. The patination on the axis bar is of a different nature to that on the spring the bow. It is probable that different formulations of alloy were used in order to exploit the resultant different mechanical properties. The head of the brooch around the crest is very roughly finished, as is the underside of the head and the top of the bow at the back. The feeling is that of a brooch cast from a deteriorating mould and finished without much attention to accuracy. Hull's type 93. 50-80AD.


A two-piece Colchester type B brooch of length 48mm. The brooch has a spring of seven coils held in place behind plain wings by a copper alloy axis bar. The spring, axis bar and a stump of pin are all of rectangular section. The bow is decorated with a cavetto moulding each side of a gently rounded central rib which bears a fine line of rocker-arm, lost through corrosion in many places. The top of the bow has a high crest with a deep V shaped cut out notch immediately in front of the chord. The catch-plate, which extends 20mm up the length of the bar is solid with a file-finished catch-groove formed by a file of 2.5mm diameter. Hull's type 92. 50-70AD.



A lozenge plate brooch of length 32mm and width 20mm. The lozenge has two steps, all three edges being punch marked with short strokes on all sides. The upper most lozenge consists of a raised border containing an empty, recessed enamel panel. There is a round lug at both the top and bottom of the brooch, each with two concentric circular indentations. It has been suggested that there were perhaps similar lugs on the side corners but as these taper to very thin metal, and show no signs of breakage, the writer is doubtful. The absent pin was hinged between two lugs on an iron axis bar. The rear of the brooch has a finely moulded, flat floored, circular recess with a small central depression. Within this recess are clearly defined striations from lathe work on the mould or prototype. The catch-plate extends the full 10mm from the edge of the bottom lug to the start of the back recess. An apparently virtually identical brooch appears in Hattat's BOA 1087 and was found in Norfolk, the only variation visible being the diameter of the rear recess. BOA says it is very like a brooch from Farley Heath, Surrey and another from Barnwood, Gloucestershire. Hull's Corpus Pl. 749, 4356 and 752, 1337. Hull's type 227.


A Knotenfibeln brooch of length 47mm. This is a one-piece brooch with a bold angle near the head, just below which is placed a decorative feature consisting of a button with one flange above and two below. The second flange below the button is separated from the flange above it by a deeply cut moulding. The bow is of round section, that part above the button being cut off squarely in front of the spring of which part of the first coil remains. The bottom of the bow is similarly cut off bluntly, behind which is the remainder of a deep, unperforated catch-plate which extends 5mm up the bow. The button and the top flange is defined in the back of the bow. (Hattat's BOA 751 has some similarities). Hull's type 19.


The lower part of the bow and the catch-plate of a brooch. The fragment is 41mm long and turns out at the foot. The catch-plate is unperforated and extends 13mm up the length of the bow. The shape of the fragment suggests that the brooch was possibly of the La Tène III type.


Part of a plate brooch consisting of a thin plate with catch-plate. It seems to be around half of a brooch of lozenge shape with a rounded edge at the lowest point. The back is very clean with evidence of file marks, whilst the seemingly plain front is heavily encrusted with a white residue. This residue is the product of the corrosion of a white metal, probably a tin/lead alloy solder. It is probable that the brooch is of the same class as Hattat's BOA 1011, found "in Britain". This brooch is thought to be of the 3rd quarter of the 1st century AD and consists of two plates soldered together, the front plate being decorated and retaining a glass insert. BOA 1011 is in the shape of an eight pointed star and another is found in Crummy. N. 1983 No. 77. The type is known in other shapes such as disc or lozenge, with or without lugs. The six in Hull's corpus are variously shaped, three are from Kent, two are from Essex and one is from Dorset.


The catch-plate and bottom of a bow of triangular section. The two front facets of the bow have incised lines within both edges. The two lines at the centre continue to the top of the fragment whilst those on the back edges terminate at pairs of short ribs sloping downwards from the front. This junction at the front coincides with the top of the catch-plate at the back. Further down the bow, the panels each contain a pair of short ribs sloping upwards. The bow terminates with a small foot-knob. The deep catch-plate is unperforated and extends 22mm up the bow.

The remnant of what appears to be an iron Colchester type brooch. No trace of the catch-plate is visible in the corrosion, and the spring is absent but for the beginning of the first coil. The bow is of round section and 52mm in length.


A degraded Rosette / Repoussť Mounted Brooch. A flat plate brooch, 33mm long in the shape of a lozenge with an expanding leg. The lozenge has a small central cup depression with the remains of a rivet. A circular impression marks the position of a repoussť or glass/stone mounting, now lost. The lozenge does not have any corner lugs to retain the mounting. Outside the central mounting, the front face of the plate is tinned in white metal, the leg being further decorated with a median line of rocker-arm. The brooch has an intact hinged pin. See IARB Nos. 632-635 and p178 which refers to a seemingly identical brooch in Hullís Corpus (pl. 758, 9171) from Dragonby, Humberside.

A fragment of an iron brooch 15mm in surviving length. no evidence of a catch-plate survives. The spring, of which 3 coils survive, seems to be fabricated from the bow in the manner of a Colchester. It has an internal chord and wraps around a separate iron axis bar. The bow is of rectangular section, becoming flattened towards the foot.

The head and top of the bow of a Colchester derivative brooch 28mm in length. The spring is wrapped around a copper alloy axis bar and has an external chord with 4 coils on each side of the centre, where a moulding is taken to the front of the bow in emulation of the Colchester type. The bow is of D section and plain, being broken above the catch-plate. The wings are short and plain.

The foot and catch-plate of a Colchester derivative brooch, 28mm in length. The catch-plate is pierced by a triangular perforation. The bow is of D section and is plain.

The bow and catch-plate of a Colchester derivative ("Dolphin"?) brooch 48mm in length. The spring is absent, although it appears to have been formed from the top of the bow in the manner of Colchesters. Similarly, it is possible that the second stub at the head is the remains of a hook. The wings are short and plain. The bow is also plain, and of oval section. The catch-plate has a line of rocker-arm running down one side.

The foot of a triple-divided bow P-shaped brooch. The fragment is 37mm in length, the foot itself being 30mm. There are traces of white metal on the surface of both aspects of the foot. A short stub of the central bow member remains and is rectangular in section, as are the scars of the outer members. The lower bow is of triangular section, with a triangular moulding above and stepped out to meet the foot which is of the arrised spade type. The catch-plate groove does not reach the bottom of the foot. A continental type, these brooches are conventionally dated to the late 2nd - early 3rd century AD. Hullís corpus type 189. Hattat BOA 1251, hybrid with spring retention of 1254.

The badly corroded head and bow of an iron brooch. The fragment is 38mm in length and the bow is of rectangular section. The lower part of the bow is broken off, but has begun to widen into a catch-plate. The brooch is so badly corroded that little more may be reliably noted.